I. Application of Policy
This policy adopted pursuant to the requirements of the Public Utility Companies Article §12-110(b). It is applicable to Authority members and is intended to supplement, but not replace, federal and state laws governing conflicts of interest applicable to nonprofit corporations. Persons covered under this policy, as well as their spouse or dependent children, are hereinafter referred to as “interested parties.”
II. Conflict of Interest
A conflict of interest may exist when the interests or concerns of an interested party may be seen as competing with the interests or concerns of the Maryland Underground Facilities Damage Prevention Authority ( the “Authority”). There are a variety of situations that raise conflict of interest concerns including, but not limited to, the following:
A. Financial Interests – A conflict may exist where an interested party directly or indirectly benefits or profits as a result of a decision, policy or transaction made by the Authority. Examples include situations where:
- The Authority contracts to purchase or lease goods, services, or properties from an interested party.
- The Authority offers employment to an interested party, other than a person who is already employed by the Authority.
- An interested party is provided with a gift, gratuity, or favor of a substantial nature from a person or entity that does business or seeks to do business with the Authority.
- An interested party is gratuitously provided use of the facilities, property, or services of the Authority.
- The Authority adopts a policy that financially benefits an interested party.
A financial interest is not necessarily a conflict of interest. A financial conflict of interest exists only when the Authority decides a person with a financial interest has a conflict of interest.
B. Other Interests – A conflict also may exist where an interested party obtains a non-financial benefit or advantage that he/she would not have obtained absent his/her relationship with the Authority. Examples include where:
An interested party seeks to obtain preferential treatment by the Authority or recognition for himself/herself or another interested party.
- An interested party seeks to make use of confidential information obtained from the Authority for his/her own benefit (not necessarily financial) or for the benefit of another interested party.
- An interested party seeks to take advantage of an opportunity or enables another interested person or other organization to take advantage of an opportunity that he/she has reason to believe would be of interest to the Authority.
- The Authority adopts a policy that provides a significant nonfinancial benefit to an interested party.
A conflict of interest exists only when the Authority members decide there is a conflict.
III. Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest
An interested party is under a continuing obligation to disclose any potential conflict of interest as soon as it is known or reasonably should be known.
An interested party shall complete the State Ethics Commission financial disclosure form annually by the 30th of April for the preceding calendar year to comply with State Law.
The Secretary of the Authority of Directors shall file copies of all disclosure statements with the official corporate records of the Authority and the State of Maryland.
IV. Procedures for Review of Potential Conflicts
Whenever there is reason to believe that a potential conflict of interest exists between the Authority and an Authority member, the Authority shall determine the appropriate response. This shall include, but not necessarily be limited to, invoking the procedures described below with respect to a specific proposed action, policy or transaction. The Chair of the Authority has a responsibility to bring a potential conflict of interest to the attention of the Authority promptly for action at the next regular meeting of the Authority or during a special meeting called specifically to review the potential conflict of interest.
Where the potential conflict involves an employee of the Authority the Chair shall be responsible for reviewing the matter and may take appropriate action as necessary to protect the interests of the Authority. The Chair shall report to the full Authority membership the results of any review and the action taken. The Chair shall determine whether any further Authority review or action is required.
V. Procedures for Addressing Conflicts of Interest
Where a potential conflict exists between the interests of the Authority and an interested party with respect to a specific proposed action, policy or transaction, the members shall consider the matter during a meeting of the Authority. The Authority shall refrain from acting until such time as the proposed action, policy or transaction has been approved by the disinterested members of the Authority . The following procedures shall apply:
An interested party who has a potential conflict of interest with respect to a proposed action, policy or transaction of the corporation shall not participate in any way in, or be present during, the deliberations and decision-making vote of the Authority with respect to such action, policy or transaction. However, the interested party shall have an opportunity to provide factual information about the proposed conflict and/or action, policy or transaction. Also, the Authority may request that the interested party be available to answer questions.
- The disinterested members of the Authority may approve the proposed action, policy or transaction upon finding that it is in the best interests of the Authority. The Authority shall consider whether the terms of the proposed action, transaction or policy are fair and reasonable to the Authority and whether it would be possible, with reasonable effort, to find a more advantageous arrangement with a party or entity that is not an interested party.
- Approval by the disinterested members of the Authority shall be by vote of a majority of members in attendance at a meeting at which a quorum is present. An interested party shall not be counted for purposes of determining whether a quorum is present, nor for purposes of determining what constitutes a majority vote of Authority members in attendance.
- The minutes of the meeting shall reflect that the conflict disclosure was made to the Authority, the vote taken and, where applicable, the abstention from voting and participation by the interested party. Whenever possible, the minutes should frame the decision of the Authority in such a way that it provides guidance for consideration of future conflict of interest situations.
VI. Violations of Conflict of Interest Policy
If the Authority has reason to believe that an interested party has failed to disclose a potential conflict of interest, it shall inform the person of the basis for such belief and allow the person an opportunity to explain the alleged failure to disclose.
If the Authority decides that the interested party has in fact failed to disclose a possible conflict of interest, the Authority shall take such disciplinary and corrective action as the Authority shall determine.
Daisy, the sweet scullery maid (ITV)
Downton Abbey offers viewers a whole cast of characters to cheer and sneer. Drawn to the food, and a fan of the underdog, I quickly found myself routing for Daisy, the scullery maid.
In my research on life in the kitchens at Downton Abbey, I came across a special presentation prepared by ITV, who produces the show, entitled Downton Abbey, Behind the Drama.
A tour of the custom built set for the kitchen scenes is provided by the adorable Sophie McShera, who plays Daisy, our lowly heroine. She also speaks about her duties and her relationship with Mrs. Patmore. Charming.
Duties of the scullery maid
Your history lesson for the day. The scullery was a small kitchen or room at the back of a house used for washing dishes and other dirty household work. To find out more about the duties of a scullery maid, I consulted the play book for Downton Abbey’s food and dining scenes: Mrs. Beeton’s The Book of Household Management which I have covered in previous posts.
The duties of the scullery-maid are to assist the cook; to keep the scullery clean, and all the metallic as well as earthenware kitchen utensils.
The position of scullery-maid is not, of course, one of high rank, nor is the payment for her services large. But if she be fortunate enough to have over her a good kitchen-maid and clever cook, she may very soon learn to perform various little duties connected with cooking operations, which may be of considerable service in fitting her for a more responsible place.
—Mrs. Beeton, The Book of Household Management, published 1861
Coming up Daisy
I have seen all of Season 2 (and the Christmas special) so can identity with UK fans impatiently waiting for Season 3. Don’t fret, PBS fans who are still early in Season 2 (you can always buy the whole series online if you are really antsy–see below). What I will say is that I am happy to see more time dedicated to developing Daisy’s character, both professionally and personally. In Season 2 we see her relationship with William run its course. Taking cue from Mrs. Beeton’s assessment above, we should eventually see her advancing in the kitchen.
On the whole, writers are adding more layers to Daisy’s character, likely to the delight of Sophie, her family and agent. The character is leaving the innocence of youth and crushes behind, and growing into the maturity of adulthood. May she stay the course of a simple life lived with integrity and humility.
Back to the Food
While I do enjoy simply taking in the experience of each episode, my eyes and ears are always at attention, keen to find out what was cooking in the kitchen. In one scene Daisy interrupts Mrs. Patmore in the servant’s hall unsure if the crumble was ready. Hmmm… crumble and a dish which reminds me of Daisy, sweet and unpretentious.
The Humble Crumble
Crumbles have origins in the UK and grew roots in America during colonization, where it is also known as a crisp. The crumble is a wartime creation, an inventive way to make do in a period of strict rationing. A mix of flour, butter and sugar replaced pastry and “crumbled” on top of fruit. Crumbles use a variety of fruit ingredients (apples, blackberry, rhubarb–often in combination), depending on what was available. The topping may also include rolled oats, ground nuts, and brown sugar which produces a nice caramelized effect.
I love making crumbles because they are simple to prepare, and are a healthier alternative to pie. I will often use the crumble topping on a pie if I want a more formal dessert but still want to keep the fat content down, fiber count up (I use oatmeal).
Low Fat Apple Crumble
There are no lack of recipes on crumbles. You likely have a family favorite. There is fat in this one, but there is also rolled oats. Much better than all the fat in a double crusted pie. I replaced egg white for butter in the topping which works to give the crisp without the guilt.
- yummy apple crumble
For the crumble
- 2 1/2 cups large flake oats
- 1/2 cup brown sugar or substitute
- 1/2 cup whole wheat flour
- 4 tbsp. egg whites (whites of 2 eggs)*
- 3 tbsp. canola oil*
- 1 tsp. cinnamon
For the filling
- 6 apples, peeled, cored and cut into 1 cm/½in pieces
- 2 tbsp. brown sugar
- 1 tbsp plain flour
- 1 pinch of ground cinnamon
- Preheat the oven to 180C/350F/Gas 4.
- Place the flour, oats and sugar in a large bowl and mix well. Add the egg white and oil and mix until crumbly.
- Place the fruit in a large bowl and sprinkle over the sugar, flour and cinnamon. Stir well being careful not to break up the fruit.
- Butter a 24cm/9in ovenproof dish. Spoon the fruit mixture into the bottom, then sprinkle the crumble mixture on top.
- Bake in the oven for 40-45 minutes until the crumble is browned and the fruit mixture bubbling.
- Serve with vanilla frozen yogurt, or indulge with good quality ice cream, thick cream or custard.
*typically a crumble topping calls for 1/2 cup of melted butter, cooled. The egg white and oil takes the fat out and still leaves the crunch. I have also make the topping without the oil to keep it really low fat.
For Cookbook fans
If you want to learn more about cobblers, I have this wonderful little book which I think was given to me by a girlfriend who lives in London. Even though it was printed in New York and not of the era, I still think of it as my British guide to explaing the differences amongst fruit desserts. Cobblers, Crumbles & Crisps and other Old Fashioned Fruit Desserts [Linda Zimmerman and Peggy Mellody, Clarkson Potter, New York, 1991] explains the difference between the cobbler, grunt, and slump.
If you are a reader and would like to learn more about Downton, there is a lovely new book out by Jessica Fellowes, Julian’s talented neice. Check out my review, or this promo: World of Downton Abbey video
Own your own set of Downton Abbey
Not a reader? While you wait for Season 3 which will not come to the US until April 2013, you may content yourself by sharing Downton with unitiated so they can be filled with as much angst as you at the thought of waiting a year for new episodes. This is the prized Season 1 and 2 Blu Ray unedited version.