The Social Studies: Content and Interpretation is a 2 hours long test that consists of 90 multiple-choice questions and 3 constructed response questions. 0086 is delivered on paper while 5086 is delivered on computer. Passing score for this exam is 160 for LA and 153 for the other states. Registration fee for this exam is $139.
Summary of the Exam Contents
The Social Studies: Content and Interpretation 5086 | 0086 test examines the knowledge and skills necessary for a beginning secondary school social studies teacher. This test is designed to measure the test takers knowledgeability of social studies and his capability to apply his knowledge to the real life examples. Short-essay (constructed response) questions will be interdisciplinary, reflecting the complex relationship among the social studies fields. Some questions are based on interpreting stimulus material such as written passages, charts, maps, graphs, tables, cartoons, diagrams, and photographs.
United States History
US history accounts for 18 multiple-choice questions. The topics of this range from pre European Colonization geography, demography and culture to issues such as immigration patterns and the role of US in the modern world.
18 MCQs will be asked from this section. The topics covered include the classical civilizations around the world in the period 1000 B.C.E to 500CE, the factors that transformed the world in the period 300 C.E. to 1400 C.E., the renaissance and enlightenment in Europe, European Colonization, Industrial Revolution, the Age of Revolutions, World Wars, Cold War and post-Cold War era, and Globalization and modern world.
This section also constitutes for 18 MCQs in the paper. Candidates should understand political science theory, International relations and United States government and politics.
13 MCQs will be asked from Economics portion. The examinee will be tested with questions about microeconomic theory that includes concepts such as scarcity, opportunity cost, factors of production, supply and demand, market efficiency, income distribution and firm behavior etc. A basic understanding of the key macroeconomic concepts such as unemployment, inflation, GDP, money and banking and fiscal and monetary policy etc will also be tested.
Geography section of the social studies paper accounts for 13 MCQs in the paper. The candidate is required to be familiar with understanding, interpreting and application of different types of maps for different types of data. Other topics covered under this section include interrelationship of humans and their environment; patterns of settlement and migration; development and changing nature of agriculture; patterns and impacts of development, industrialization, and globalization; demographic patterns and political geography.
This section will account for 10 MCQs. The candidates are expected to have understood the importance of social interaction in the shaping of our behavior and personality.
The MCQs part of the paper amounts to 75% of the total marks. Rest of the 25% marks will be awarded for writing three equally weighted short answer/essay questions. Candidates will be judged here for their critical thinking skills, requiring the reading and interpreting of social studies materials.
How to Prepare for Social Studies: Content and Analysis 5086 | 0086 exam
Social Studies 0086 or 5086 exam is one of those praxis II exams that have too long a syllabus to cover. One can easily get lost in efforts to follow the contents of this exam and lose track of his/her precious time. So seeking help from trusted review materials won’t be a bad idea.
The resources offered on our website can help you prepare for this exam with ease and grace in a timely manner.
Exam Secrets study guide for Social Studies exam is a comprehensive but concise study guide that is prepared by a team of qualified professionals. It includes a complete study plan as well practice test questions.
You can go for Flashcard Study System. Flashcards can be extremely helpful if you have relatively short time for preparation with a busy schedule. Flashcards exploit the fact that our minds are good at learning things that are repeatedly shown to us. Flashcards are a portable resource that would teach you all the major concepts of Social Studies exam in a fun and interactive way.
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1 Understanding Your Praxis Scores The Praxis Series Assessments are developed and administered by Educational Testing Service (E T S ). Praxis Core Academic Skills for Educators (Core) tests measure academic skills in reading, writing and mathematics. They were designed to provide comprehensive assessments that measure the skills and content knowledge of candidates entering teacher preparation programs. Praxis I Academic Skills Assessments include the Pre-Professional Skills Tests (PPST ) and the Computerized Pre-Professional Skills Tests (CPPST), which measure basic proficiency in reading, writing, and mathematics. Praxis II Subject Assessments include the Subject Assessment/ Specialty Area tests. The Principles of Learning and Teaching (PLT) tests and the ParaPro Assessment are also considered Praxis II assessments. I How The Praxis Series Tests Are Scored Multiple-Choice Tests On most Praxis tests, each multiple-choice question answered correctly is worth one raw point, and your total raw score is the number of questions answered correctly on the full test. Multiplechoice questions are scored by computer. Constructed-Response Tests Constructed-response questions are scored by education professionals in the appropriate content area. These individuals are carefully trained and supervised to assure they apply E T S scoring methods in a fair and accurate manner. Additional statistical checks are made to account for differences in difficulty across editions of a test. The Praxis Series constructed-response tests do not all use the same scoring procedure. There are two scoring models used for scoring Praxis tests. One model requires that two scorers rate your response to each question independently. If the two ratings disagree by more than a specified amount, a third scorer rates your response. The second model requires that each constructed-response item be rated independently by a different scorer. Under no circumstances does your total score depend entirely on one individual scorer. On some constructed-response tests, the ratings assigned by the scorers are simply added together to determine your total raw score. On others, the ratings are first multiplied by scoring weights, which can be different for different questions, and the weighted ratings are added to determine your total raw score. Your raw point score is then converted to a scaled score that adjusts for the difficulty of that particular edition of the test. Combination Scores Some tests consist of an essay and a multiple-choice portion. On the Principles of Learning and Teaching tests, your total raw score is simply the sum of the number of multiple-choice items correct and the ratings of your constructed responses. On the other tests, it is a weighted sum of scores on the multiple-choice and constructedresponse sections. For a list of tests that include both essay and multiple-choice questions, go to Conversion of Raw Scores to Scaled Scores For most Praxis assessments, E T S develops multiple editions of the same test that contain different sets of test questions conforming to predefined content and statistical specifications. These different editions are commonly called forms. In order to insure that scores obtained from different forms of the same test are comparable, raw scores are converted to scaled scores that carry the same meaning regardless of which form was administered. Scaled scores are used to determine whether test takers have passed the test. The summary statistics shown in section IV are presented in the scaled score metric. A Word of Caution The adjustment for difficulty makes it possible to give the same interpretation to identical scores on different editions of the same test. For example, a reported score of 150 on the Mathematics: Content Knowledge test will reflect approximately the same level of knowledge, regardless of which edition of the test was administered. However, identical scores on different tests do not necessarily have the same meaning. A score of 150 on the Mathematics: Content Knowledge test, for example, does not reflect the same level of knowledge as a score of 150 on the Physical Science: Content Knowledge test. II Glossary of Terms Average Performance Range The range of scaled scores earned by the middle 50 percent of the examinees taking the test. It provides an indication of the difficulty of the test. Decision Reliability The tendency of pass/fail decisions made on the basis of examinee test scores to be consistent from one edition of the test to another. E T S computes decision reliability statistics for a number of different combinations of examinee groups and passing scores. Median The score that separates the lower half of the scores from the upper half. Minimum and Composite Scores A minimum score on a test is the score required to meet passing requirements as defined by a state. For some tests, such as the PPST, states may set a composite or total combined score for the required tests in the series. In these cases, examinees must meet the minimum scores required for each of the tests whether or not they meet the minimum composite score. For Copyright 2013 by Educational Testing Service. All rights reserved. E T S, the E T S logo, LISTENING. LEARNING. LEADING., PRAXIS I, PRAXIS II, PRAXIS III, and PPST are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service (E T S) in the United States and other countries. PRAXIS and THE PRAXIS SERIES are trademarks of E T S.
2 example, if the minimum score for the Math PPST is 100 and the composite score for the Math, Reading, and Writing tests together is 300, examinees must attain a minimum math score of 100 to pass, even if their composite score is 300 or greater. Passing Score A qualifying score for a single test that is set by the state or licensing agency. Possible Score Range The lowest to the highest scaled score possible on any edition of the test. Exception: For most tests that show the possible score range as 250 to 990, 990 is not actually a possible score on any edition. The maximum possible score varies from one edition to another and can be as low as 780 for some editions of some tests. Raw Points On a multiple-choice test, each raw point corresponds to a single question. On a constructed-response test, the raw points refer to the ratings assigned by the scorers. Raw points on different forms of a test should not be compared; they are not adjusted for differences in the difficulty of the test questions. Reliability The tendency of individual scores to be consistent from one edition of the test to another. Scaled Score The reported score that determines whether a test taker has passed the test. Scaled scores are derived from raw scores and take into account the difficulty of the test form administered. Score Interval The number of points separating the possible score levels. If the score interval is 10, only scores divisible by 10 are possible. Measurement A statistic that is often used to describe the reliability of the scores of a group of examinees. An examinee s score on a single edition of a test will differ somewhat from the score the examinee would get on a different edition of the test. The more consistent the scores from one edition of the test to another, the smaller the standard error of measurement. If a large number of examinees take a test for which the standard error of measurement is 3 points, about two-thirds of the examinees will receive scores within 3 points of the scores that they would get by averaging over many editions of the test. The Summary Statistics section shows the standard error of measurement for many of the tests in The Praxis Series, estimated for the group of all examinees taking the test. On some tests, the standard error of measurement could not be estimated because there was no edition of the test that had been taken by a sufficient number of examinees. On other tests, the standard error of measurement could not be adequately estimated because the test consists of a very small number of questions or tasks, each measuring a different type of knowledge or skill. Scoring For tests in which the scoring involves human judgment, this statistic describes the reliability of the process of scoring the examinees responses. An examinee s score on one of these tests will depend to some extent on the particular scorers who rate the examinee s responses. The more consistent the ratings assigned to the same responses by different scorers, the smaller the standard error of scoring. If a large number of examinees take a test for which the standard error of scoring is 4 points, about two-thirds of the examinees will receive scores within 4 points of the scores that they would get if their responses were scored by all possible scorers. The Summary Statistics section shows the standard error of scoring for several of the constructed-response tests in The Praxis Series, estimated for the group of all examinees taking the test. For some constructed-response tests, the standard error of scoring could not be estimated because there was no edition of the test that had been taken by a sufficient number of examinees. The standard error of scoring for a multiple-choice test is zero, because multiple-choice scoring is a purely mechanical process with no possibility of disagreement between scorers. Validity The extent to which test scores actually reflect what they are intended to measure. The Praxis Series tests are intended to measure the knowledge, skills, or abilities that groups of experts determine to be important for a beginning teacher. III Frequently Asked Questions About Praxis Scores Q Did I pass? A Your Examinee Score Report will indicate a PASSED or NOT PASSED status for the highest score earned on each test taken. Your highest score will be compared to the state or agency s passing score indicated on your score report. The passing scores used in the Examinee Score Reports are the passing scores in effect, according to our records, at either the date the test was taken (Test Date) or at the time the score reports are produced (Report Date). You can find more about passing scores on the Web at E T S does not set passing scores for The Praxis Series tests. Each state or agency that requires a Praxis test sets its own passing score. If you have additional questions regarding the establishment of passing scores or want to verify passing scores, please contact the appropriate state or agency directly. Q How many questions do I need to get right to pass the test? A Unfortunately, there is no way to predict this. There are several editions of each of The Praxis Series tests, and each edition contains different questions. The questions on one edition may be slightly more difficult (or easier) than those on another edition. To make all editions of a test comparable, raw scores are converted to scaled scores that adjust for difficulty among editions. There is no way to predict which edition of the test you will take next. Q According to the conversion table in my study guide or practice test, my raw points should convert to a different score. Was my test incorrectly scored? A The conversion tables in The Praxis Series study materials are for those sample tests only. Each edition of a test has its own conversion table which is somewhat different from the one in the practice test or study guide. Q Can I have my multiple-choice, essay, or constructedresponse test score verified? A Yes. The Praxis score verification service is described in the Information Bulletin and online at Q Who receives a copy of my score report? A If you take a Praxis test in Alabama, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, or Wyoming, your scores are automatically reported to the state education agency responsible for teacher licensure. Some additional situations under which scores are reported are listed in the Information Bulletin. Aside from these, your scores will be sent only to you and the institutions or agencies you designated as score recipients.
3 Q How can I send my scores to recipients other than those listed on my score report? A Sign in to your My Praxis account at and select Order Score Reports, or download and complete the Additional Score Report Request Form at praxis and mail it with the appropriate fee to the address listed on the form. Q Why didn t I receive scores for all the tests I took on a particular day? A Some tests, particularly those including essay questions, take longer to score than others. Because important decisions often depend on your scores, some Praxis test scores are reported earlier than others. If all of your scores were not reported, you will receive the rest of your test scores in a second report. Q I need to take one of the tests in The Praxis Series again. What should I study to improve my score? A The best preparation for taking any test in The Praxis Series is the knowledge and experience you acquired in college. The detailed information in your score report may help you identify the content categories that offer the greatest opportunity to improve your score. E T S publishes a variety of study aids to help you do your best. Tests at a Glance are available to download at praxis, and include content outlines and sample questions. Study guides and Practice Tests are also available for many of the tests. The study guides include content outlines, information on the types of questions found on the test, test-taking strategies, study topics with sample questions, and practice questions with correct answers and detailed rationales. The practice tests are full-length tests that were retired by E T S after being used in actual test administrations. Each practice test includes correct answers and scoring instructions to help test takers get an idea of how they may score on the test. Q What is the E T S Recognition of Excellence (ROE)? A The E T S Recognition of Excellence honors examinees who have earned a high score on selected Praxis tests one that is equivalent to the scaled score earned by approximately the top 15 percent of candidates who took the test in previous years. Candidates who earn the Recognition of Excellence receive a formal recognition certificate and congratulatory letter from E T S. The honor is also indicated on score reports that are sent to examinees and designated institutions. Summary data on ROE scores are also included on the annual summary reports issued to state agencies and institutions of higher education. The Recognition of Excellence is a means of recognizing outstanding individual performance on the Praxis tests, not a criterion for licensure, hiring, or promotion decisions. A list of tests that have ROE target scores can be found on the Web at
5 IV Summary Statistics This section gives the Possible Score Range, Score Interval, Number of Examinees, Median, Average Performance Range, Measurement, and Scoring for many of The Praxis Series tests. Notes at the end of the section provide information about the statistics themselves. Test Name Possible Score Range Score Interval Number of Examinees Median Average Performance Range Measurement Agriculture (0700) Agriculture (CA) (0900) Agriculture (PA) (0780) Art: Content and Analysis (0135) Art: Content and Analysis (5135) f f f f f Art: Content Knowledge (0133) Art: Content Knowledge (0134) Art: Content Knowledge (5134) Assessment of Signed Communication (0632) f f f f f Audiology (0342) i i Audiology (5342) f f f f f Biology and General Science (0030) Biology: Content Essays (0233) q 3.2 Biology: Content Knowledge (CT) (0235) Biology: Content Knowledge (CT) (5235) Braille Proficiency (0631) i i i i i Business Education: Content Knowledge (0101) Business Education: Content Knowledge (5101) Chemistry, Physics, and General Science (0070) Chemistry: Content Essays (0242) q 4.3 Chemistry: Content Knowledge (CT) (0245) Chemistry: Content Knowledge (CT) (5245) Citizenship Education: Content Knowledge (0087) Citizenship Education: Content Knowledge (5087) Communication (0800) Cooperative Education (0811) i i Core Academic Skills for Educators: Mathematics (5732) f f f f f Core Academic Skills for Educators: Reading (5712) f f f f f Core Academic Skills for Educators: Writing (5722) f f f f f Driver Education (0867) Early Childhood Education (0020) Early Childhood: Content Knowledge (0022) Early Childhood: Content Knowledge (5022) Earth and Space Sciences: Content Knowledge (0571) Earth and Space Sciences: Content Knowledge (5571) Economics (0910) Economics (0911) Educational Leadership: Administration and Supervision (0411) Educational Leadership: Administration and Supervision (5411) Scoring Education of Deaf and Hard of Hearing Students (0271) Education of Young Children (0021) Education of Young Children (5021) i i Elementary Education Multiple Subjects: English Language Arts (5032)
6 Test Name Elementary Education Multiple Subjects: Mathematics (5033) Possible Score Range Score Interval Number of Examinees Median Average Performance Range Measurement Scoring Elementary Education Multiple Subjects: Science (5035) Elementary Education Multiple Subjects: Social Studies (5034) Elementary Education: Content Knowledge (0014) Elementary Education: Content Knowledge (5014) Elementary Education: Curriculum, Instruction, and Assessment (0011) Elementary Education: Curriculum, Instruction, and Assessment (5011) Elementary Education: Instructional Practice and Applications (5015) English Language Arts: Content and Analysis (5039) f f f f f English Language Arts: Content Knowledge (5038) f f f f f English Language, Literature, and Composition Content and Analysis (0044) English Language, Literature, and Composition Content and Analysis (5044) English Language, Literature, and Composition: Content Knowledge (0041) English Language, Literature, and Composition: Content Knowledge (5041) i i English to Speakers of Other Languages (0361) English to Speakers of Other Languages (5361) f f f f f Environmental Education (0831) i i Family and Consumer Sciences (0121) Family and Consumer Sciences (5121) French: World Language (5174) Fundamental Subjects: Content Knowledge (5511) General Science: Content Essays (0433) q 3.1 General Science: Content Knowledge (0435) General Science: Content Knowledge (5435) Geography (0921) German: World Language (5183) Gifted Education (0357) Government/Political Science (0930) Government/Political Science (0931) Health and Physical Education: Content Knowledge (0856) Health and Physical Education: Content Knowledge (5856) Health Education (5550) Health Education (5551) f f f f f Interdisciplinary Early Childhood Education (0023) Interdisciplinary Early Childhood Education (5023) Journalism (0223) i i i i i Latin (0601) i i Library Media Specialist (0311) Library Media Specialist (5311)
7 Test Name Possible Score Range Score Interval Number of Examinees Median Average Performance Range Measurement Mandarin: World Language (5665) i i Marketing Education (0561) Mathematics: Content Knowledge (0061) Mathematics: Content Knowledge (5061) Mathematics: Content Knowledge (5161) f f f f f Mathematics: Proofs, Models, and Problems, Part 1 (0063) Scoring q 2.9 Middle School English Language Arts (0049) Middle School English Language Arts (5047) f f f f f Middle School English Language Arts (5049) i i Middle School Mathematics (0069) Middle School Mathematics (5169) f f f f f Middle School Science (0439) Middle School Social Studies (0089) Middle School Social Studies (5089) i i Middle School: Content Knowledge (0146) Middle School: Content Knowledge (5146) Middle School Multiple Subjects: English Language Arts (5142) Middle School Multiple Subjects: Mathematics (5143) Middle School Multiple Subjects: Science (5145) Middle School Multiple Subjects: Social Studies (5144) Music: Content and Instruction (0114) Music: Content and Instruction (5114) f f f f f Music: Content Knowledge (5113) ParaPro Assessment (0755) ParaPro Assessment (1755) Pennsylvania Grades 4-8 Core Assessment: English Language Arts and Social Studies (5154) Pennsylvania Grades 4-8 Core Assessment: Mathematics and Science (5155) Pennsylvania Grades 4-8 Core Assessment: Pedagogy (5153) Pennsylvania Grades 4-8 Subject Concentration: English Language Arts (5156) Pennsylvania Grades 4-8 Subject Concentration: Mathematics (5158) Pennsylvania Grades 4-8 Subject Concentration: Science (5159) Pennsylvania Grades 4-8 Subject Concentration: Social Studies (5157) Physical Education: Content and Design (0095) Physical Education: Content and Design (5095) i i Physical Education: Content Knowledge (0091) Physical Education: Content Knowledge (5091) Physical Education: Movement Forms - Analysis & Design (0092) q 2.2 Physical Science: Content Knowledge (0481) Physics: Content Essays (0262) q 8.1 Physics: Content Knowledge (CT) (0265) Physics: Content Knowledge (CT) (5265)
8 Test Name Possible Score Range Score Interval Number of Examinees Median Average Performance Range Measurement Pre-Kindergarten Education (0531) Pre-Kindergarten Education (5531) Pre-Professional Skills Test: Mathematics (0730) Pre-Professional Skills Test: Mathematics (5730) Pre-Professional Skills Test: Reading (0710) Pre-Professional Skills Test: Reading (5710) Pre-Professional Skills Test: Writing (0720) Pre-Professional Skills Test: Writing (5720) Principles of Learning and Teaching: Early Childhood (0621) Principles of Learning and Teaching: Early Childhood (5621) Scoring i i Principles of Learning and Teaching: K-6 (0622) Principles of Learning and Teaching: K-6 (5622) i i Principles of Learning and Teaching: 5-9 (0623) Principles of Learning and Teaching: 5-9 (5623) i i Principles of Learning and Teaching: 7-12 (0624) Principles of Learning and Teaching: 7-12 (5624) i i Professional School Counselor (0421) Professional School Counselor (5421) Psychology (0390) Psychology (0391) f f f f f Psychology (5391) f f f f f Reading for Virginia Educators: Elementary and Special Education (0306) Reading for Virginia Educators: Elementary and Special Education (5306) Reading for Virginia Educators: Reading Specialist (0304) Reading for Virginia Educators: Reading Specialist (5304) i i i i i i Reading Specialist (0300) Reading Specialist (5301) Safety/Driver Education (0860) School Guidance and Counseling (0420) School Psychologist (0401) School Social Worker: Content Knowledge (0211) Social Sciences: Content Knowledge (0951) Social Studies Content and Interpretation (5086) i i Social Studies: Content and Interpretation (0086) Social Studies: Content Knowledge (0081) Social Studies: Content Knowledge (5081) Sociology (0950) Spanish: World Language (5195) Special Education: Core Knowledge and Severe to Profound Applications (5545) Special Education: Core Knowledge and Applications (0354) Special Education: Core Knowledge and Applications (5354) i i
9 Test Name Special Education: Core Knowledge and Mild to Moderate Applications (0543) Special Education: Core Knowledge and Mild to Moderate Applications (5543) Special Education: Core Knowledge and Severe to Profound Applications (0545) Special Education: Education of Deaf and Hard of Hearing Students (0272) Special Education: Education of Deaf and Hard of Hearing Students (5272) Possible Score Range Score Interval Number of Examinees Median Average Performance Range Measurement Scoring i i i i f f f f f Special Education: Preschool/Early Childhood (0691) Special Education: Preschool/Early Childhood (5691) f f f f f Special Education: Teaching Speech to Students with Language Impairments (0881) Special Education: Teaching Speech to Students with Language Impairments (5881) Special Education: Teaching Students with Behavioral Disorders/Emotional Disturbances (0372) Special Education: Teaching Students with Behavioral Disorders/Emotional Disturbances (5372) Special Education: Teaching Students with Learning Disabilities (0383) Special Education: Teaching Students with Learning Disabilities (5383) Special Education: Teaching Students with Mental Retardation (0321) Special Education: Teaching Students with Visual Impairments (0282) Special Education: Teaching Students with Visual Impairments (5282) f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f i i f f f f f Speech Communication Content Knowledge (0221) Speech Communication Content Knowledge (5221) f f f f f Speech-Language Pathology (0330) Speech-Language Pathology (5330) Teaching Reading (0204) Teaching Reading (5204) i i Teaching Reading: Elementary Education (5203) f f f f f Technology Education (0051) Technology Education (5051) f f f f f Theatre (0641) World and U.S. History: Content Knowledge (0941) World and U.S. History: Content Knowledge (5941) World Languages Pedagogy (0841) World Languages Pedagogy (5841) f f f f f
10 NOTES: (Section II. Glossary of Terms, provides definitions for each of the statistics provided.) Number of Examinees, Median, and Average Performance Range were calculated from the records of examinees who took the test between August 2010 and July 2013, and who are in the particular educational group described below. If an examinee took the test more than once in this period, the most recent score was used. Examinees were selected according to their responses to the question, What is the highest educational level you have reached? The Median and Average Performance Range for PPST were calculated on college freshmen, sophomores, and juniors. The Median and Average Performance Range for the ParaPro Assessment were calculated on examinees from all educational levels. The Median and Average Performance Range for all other tests were calculated on examinees who were college seniors, college graduates, graduate students, or holders of master s or doctoral degrees. Summary Statistics are not available for new tests administered for the first time in the testing year. i = Insufficient data. q = Insufficient number of questions: SEM cannot be estimated accurately for tests that include only a small number of independent questions or exercises. f = New test. Data not yet available.